· New Testament 

The Second Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians

The subject and design of this second Epistle to the Corinthians, is much the same as of the former. He comforts and congratulates with those who were now reformed by his admonitions. He blames the faulty with apostolical liberty; and being forced to justify himself and his proceedings against the upstart false teachers, he gives an ample account of his sufferings, and also of the favours and graces, which God had bestowed upon him. This Epistle was written not long after the first, (an. 57.) some months before that to the Romans, from some place in Macedonia, perhaps from Philippi, as marked at the end of divers Greek copies, though it is observed, that those subscriptions are not much to be relied upon. Wi. - In this Epistle S. Paul comforts those who are now reformed by his admonitions to them in the former, and absolves the incestuous man on doing penance, whom he had before excommunicated for his crime. Hence he treats of true penance, and of the dignity of the ministers of the New Testament. He cautions the faithful against false teachers, and the society of infidels. He gives an account of his sufferings, and also of the favours and graces which God hath bestowed on him. Ch. - S. Paul, not being able to come to the Corinthians as soon as he had promised, writes this Epistle to inform them, that it was not through inconstancy, but on account of several weighty reasons, which had hitherto hindered him. Several other reasons, likewise, compelled him to write. For during his absence, several false teachers of the Jews had come amongst them, teaching them that it was necessary to observe the law of Moses, in order to be saved. S. Paul, therefore, first excuses himself, by saying, that the afflictions and troubles he had met with, had hindered him from coming to them. He next orders the fornicator to be restored to favour; after which, he extols his apostleship, forming a comparison between the law of Christ, and of Moses, wherein he blames the false teachers. He then subjoins an exhortation to a pious and holy life, with liberality in their alms, after the example of the Macedonians. As the false teachers had been very industrious in establishing their own reputation, by detracting from that of S. Paul, he enumerates his own sufferings, and the favours he had received from God, shewing that he had much more reason to glory than they; and concludes by exhorting them to correct those faults with which they still remained infected. Estius. - This letter may be justly appreciated as a perfect masterpiece of that animated and solid eloquence, which all interpreters so much admire in S. Paul. V.

Chapter-1 · Speaks of the constancy and sincerity of his doctrine.
Chapter-2 · Grants pardon to the incestuous man upon his penance.
Chapter-3 · Speaks to the glory of the ministry of the New Testament.
Chapter-4 · The sincerity of his preaching, and comfort in his afflictions.
Chapter-5 · Speaks of willingness to leave earthly things to be with the Lord.
Chapter-6 · Speaks on God's grace, and not to associate with unbelievers.
Chapter-7 · His affection for them, and comfort and joy on their account.
Chapter-8 · Exhorts their contributations for the poor of Jerusalem.
Chapter-9 · Speaks further regarding almsgiving and the fruit of it.
Chapter-10 · Warning against the calumny and boasting of false apostles.
Chapter-11 · Further warnings regarding the activity of false apostles.
Chapter-12 · Speaks of his raptures and revelations, and fear for them.
Chapter-13 · Threatens the impenitent, to provoke them to penance.